What Are The Causes of Hair Loss?

Hair loss although a common problem, occurs because of different underlying reasons for different people. A general reason for hair loss can be stress and unhealthy lifestyle. Persistent hair loss leads to the most common type of baldness called androgenic alopecia. The underlying medical condition must be understood in order to treat hair loss effectively. We conduct a thorough examination to determine the cause of your hair loss. Based on your aesthetic requirement and test evaluation, a suitable treatment plan is suggested.

Androgenetic Alopecia

Androgenetic alopecia occurs due to a combination of hormones and heredity (genetics). Amongst men, it includes thinning of hair on the  frontal, temporal and vertex parts of the scalp. Women experience hair fall and thinning in parietal area and vertex. Widening of the partition is a common indication. The back of scalp is essentially resistant to hair loss.
Thick terminal hair converting into vellus(short and fine) hair, also known as miniaturization, is the characteristic mark of androgenetic alopecia Acute hair loss is experienced when the anagen phase, i.e., the growth phase of hair is reduced.

Female-Pattern Baldness

The cause and pattern of baldness amongst women has not been elucidated. Most women experience hair thinning after menopause, while others experience it during puberty. Sensitivity to androgens on the hair follicles is one of the inherited cause of hair loss amongst women.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is a type of hair loss that occurs when body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles. This damage to the follicles is usually not permanent. It is not clearly known why the immune system attacks the follicles. Alopecia areata is most common in people younger than 20, but children and adults of any age may be affected. Men and women are equally effected.
Alopecia areata usually begins when tufts of hair fall out. This gradually results in smooth, round bald patches on the scalp. In some cases it may just present itself as thinning of hair without noticeable patches of baldness, or the effected hair follicles may sprout again and break off. In rare cases, a complete loss of scalp hair and body hair is experienced. About 10% of people with this condition may never regrow hair. Our dermatologist may recommend AA, intralesional steroids and topical minoxidil for cases where there is continual hair loss. For cases of extreme hair loss like alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis , where there is extensive hair loss on scalp and body, topical immune modulators may be administered.

Telogen Effluvium

Telogen Effluvium follows a traumatic event or sudden hormonal change in the body. In Telogen effluvium, hair in the anagen (growing) phase or catagen (resting) phase shift all at once into the shedding (telogen) phase. It can start presenting itself after about after six weeks to three months of the stressful event. The traumatic event may include severe infection, child birth, low protein diet, malnutrition, prolonged stress and depression.one must seek expert advice on hair loss solution in India.

Anagen Effluvium

This hair loss is generally associated with chemotherapy. There is an attack on the hair follicles which hampers its mitotic or metabolic activity. Anagen Effluvium includes shedding of hair soon after chemotherapy begins during the growth (anagen) phase of hair. The hair loss is mostly reversible and the hair grow back within months of resolving the causative factors. You can consult our dermatologist in Delhi for hair loss treatment.

Cicatricial Alopecia

Cicatricial Alopecia is also commonly known as scarring alopecia. It is a rare disorder that destroys hair follicles. The hair loss is permanent and the hair follicles are replaced by scar tissue. Commonly experienced symptoms include pain, severe itching and burning sensation. Visit a dermatologist if you are experiencing chronic hair loss and other related symptoms in order to start an early and aggressive treatment.

Traction Alopecia

Traction Alopecia is caused by localized trauma to the hair follicles due to constant traction or pull applied to hair over time. Tight braiding, cornrows, tight ponytail and tight headgears can lead to hair loss eventually. It is common among Sikh men who prefer to use turban all the time. The stress caused on the hair can result in balding.


It is compulsive disorder urging people to pull out hair from scalp, beard, eyebrows, eyelashes and other parts of the body. It can eventually lead to visible bald patches on the scalp. Expert advice and help must be sought to correct this repetitive behavior and restore back the lost hair.