Hair Loss Types

Androgenetic Alopecia (Pattern Hair Loss)

What is Androgenetic Alopecia?

Androgenetic alopecia also known as pattern hair loss is a hereditary hair loss condition which is characterized by the slow change of terminal hairs into vellus hairs. It is the most common disease which affects both men and women. In men it is called as male-pattern baldness and in females it is called female-pattern baldness. Androgenetic alopecia in males has been linked to many other diseases as enlargement of prostate cancer and coronary heart disease. In addition, diabetes, obesity, prostate cancer and high blood pressure are also relevant to androgenetic alopecia. In women, androgenetic alopecia is linked with an elevated risk of polycystic ovary syndrome which is characterized by a hormonal imbalance. Hormonal imbalance results in irregular menstruation, hirsutism, acne, and weight gain.

Androgenetic alopecia is a common reason for hair loss in both men and women. It can begin from early teens and its risk increases with age. More than 50 % of men above the age of 50 years suffer from some degree of hair loss. In the case of women, hair loss usually occurs after menopause.

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